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Maya Devi Temple in Lumbini, Nepal
marks the birth place of Siddhartha Gautam Buddha
Siddhartha Gautam was born in Lumbini, Nepal in 623 BC which is a sacred place to the 400 million Buddhists in the world. Maya Devi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautam under the groove of trees when she was on her way to her mother's house in Devadaha.
Son of King Suddhodhan, Siddhartha Gautam grew up at his palace at Taulihawa, about 24 kilometres from Lumbini. At the age of 29 he set his foot outside of the palace to find out about the poverty, hardship and suffering of the people.
Siddhartha Gautam abandoned the palace and spent the days meditating on life until, under a pipal tree at Gaya in India he attained the `Enlightenment' - The Buddha. The Buddha preached his doctrine for 45 years before attaining nirvana with his death at the age of 80.
In the centuries that have followed the Buddha's death, sectarian differences have emerged in Buddism, the Mayahana school of thoughts in India and Hinayana school of thoughts in southeast Asia and Sri Lanka.
The Indian Emperor, Ashoka erected Ashoka Pillar in Lumbini, Nepal in 249 BC, to mark his visit to the birth place of the Buddha.
Lumbini Project is underway and many Buddhist nations have built their own commemorative shrines to the Buddha in Lumbini.
Stone Pillar erected by Emporer Ashok
in Lumbini, Nepal - 249 BC
The inscription which, in English translation, runs as follows: King Piyadasi (Ashoka), beloved of Gods, in the 20th year of the coronation, himself made a royal visit. Buddha Sakyamuni having been born here, a stone railing was built and a stone pillar erected in honour of Buddha. Because Buddha was born here, the village of Lumbini was freed from paying tax.
In his teaching Buddha expounded the Basic Doctrine of :
FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS
1. Suffering is universal and inevitable
2. Cause of suffering is the attachment to desire
3. Suffering ceases when attachment to desire ceases.
4. There is a way to dispel desire and releave suffering by practicing the Eightfold Path
1. Right View
2. Right Thought
3. Right Speech
4. Right Action
5. Right Livelihood
6. Right Effort
7. Right Mindfulness
8. Right Contemplation