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Travel & Tour Guide to Nepal
There are two ways to enter Nepal, by air and by road. The air journey is more easy and comfortable than by road. Almost 90 percent of the tourists enter through the Tribhuvan International Airport which is 5 miles or 8 kilometeres from the heart of Kathmandu. ( View Map )
By Air: The major international airlines that operate scheduled services to Nepal are Air India, Air Arabia, Air Asia X, Biman Bangladesh, Air China, Druk Air Bhutan , Gulf Air, Indian Airlines, Korean Air, Lufthansa, Pakistan International Airlines, Qatar Airlines, Royal Nepal Airlines Corporation(RNAC),Turkey Airlines,Qatar Airways,Baharain Air,Air India,Etihad Airways,Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways International, Transavia Airlines and Yeti Airlines International.
Taxi: At airport, Taxi Service is available to shuttle passangers from airport to downtown Kathmandu. Metered taxi is also available which charges between Rs200 to Rs300 but private taxi may charge slightly more than metered taxi.
International Embarking Passenger: Passenger Service Charge is included in Airline Ticket. So passengers need not to pay such charge at airport.
Domestic Departing Passenger: Passenger Service Charge of RS 200 (Including VAT)Counter of Nabil Bank located at Domestic Check-in hall will provide service for the collection of this charge.
By Road: There are several entry points by land route. Among many entry points, Birganj, Belahia and Kakarvita are popular entry points at India-Nepal border, while Kodari entry point is at Tibet(China)-Nepal border.( View Map )
Visa & Immigration:
Trekking Permit: A trekking permit must be obtained at Immigration Office in Kathmandu or Pokhara to visit the interior parts of the country except that it is no longer required for general trekking in the Annapurna, Everest and Langtang regions.
Health Requirements: Nepal does not require any specific immunisations for visitors.
Currency Regulation: Visitors other than Indian nationals are required to fill in a form in which all the foreign exchange transactions are recorded and stamped by the bank or the authorised dealers. Travellers except Indian Nationals are required to pay for their air tickets in foreign currency. Other payments must be made in Nepalese currency. The official rate of exchange fluctuates against all currencies. It is advisible to keep all the receipt of exchange. 10% of the total value of foreign exchange can be reverted in case of leftover rupees at the time of departure.
Customs: Travellers are allowed to carry 250 cigarettes, 20 cigars, one bottle of spirits and two bottles or 12 cans of beer free of duty. Personal effects exempts from duty include binoculors, cameras, film stock, record player, tape recorder, transistor, radio, and fishing rod and accessories.
Credit Cards: International Credit Cards are accepted at major establishments.
Clothing: There is a wide range of climatic conditions in Nepal, from the tropical rain forests in the south to the snowcapped mountains in the north. So it is advisible to take both light and warm clothing in casual and comfortable styles. In the mountain areas, warm woollen clothing or dawn materials are necessary while at lower altitude in Terai, cotton clothings are ideal. Woollen clothing and dawn materials can be hired from trekking rental shop in Kathmandu. Most kinds of clothing are also available at fairly cheap price in Kathmandu. It is ideal to have sunglass, sun-cream, flashlight, panchos while trekking.
Health: Stomach upset is most likely travel health problem. Care should be taken while eating and drinking. Thoroughly cooked food and reputed brand of bottled water or soft drink are fine.
There are many private clinics and hospitals. Pharmacies are widely available in most towns and usually associated with a doctor's clinic nearby. A prescription is not compulsarily required to purchase drugs in Nepal provided you know the generic and proprietary name.
Transportation: Taxis and local bus services are available which serve various destinations in the Kathamandu Valley. Car, motor-bike are also available for hiring upon presenting international driving liscence or temporary driving licence which can be obtained from local authorities on presentation of visitor's National licence. The driving is on the left.
Expenses: A budget traveller can live in Nepal spending $15 a day, meal costing $3 to $5 and lodging $5 to $10. The price goes on increasing according to the service and quality of the product. There is no dearth of star studded hotels and cuisine.
Time Zone: GMT +5 3/4 ( Check the diference from your place )
Electricity: 220V AC 50Hz
Emergency Phone Numbers (Kathmandu) :(Intl call 977-1-) (a)Police - 100
(b)Telephone Inquiry - 197 (c)Bir Hospital - 4226984, 4221988, 4223807 (d)Teaching Hospital - 4412505, 44412707, 4412808 (e)Infectious Desease Teku Hospital - 211112, 211334 (f)Patan Hospital - 522566, 521048, 522266
(g) Bhaktapur Hospital - 610797, 610676 (h)Red Cross Ambulance - 228094 (j)Himalayan Rescue Association - 262746
Festivals of Nepal: Festivals
Maoist Affected Areas: Maoist announced their so-called people's war on Feb 13, 1996. Since then, 49 of 75 districts have been affected by their activities of killing political activists who oppose their campaign and security personnel. Maoists, in recent months, are targeting power plants, irrigation projects, roads, public buildings, vehicles, and telecommunications repeater towers. However, there is no evidence of any foreign tourist being physically harmed. The State Of Emergency was declared on Nov 25, 2001 which remained en-force till 28th Aug 2002. The security measures have been intensified since the declaration of the emergency to this date. The government of Nepal and the Maoists agreed to a ceasefire aimed at moving towards peace talks on 29th Jan 2003. The Maoists rebels have unilaterally called off cease-fire on 27th of August 2003. Nepal Government, on 28th August 2003, declared the maoists as terrorists and any organization affiliated with them as terrorist outfits. Maoists announced unilateral ceasefire for three months on September 3, 2005 and extended the unilateral ceasefire by another one month on December 2, 2005. On march 19, 2006 representative of seven agitating parties(SPA) and Maoists made public the memorandum of understanding reached between them. SPA announced the launch of a fresh agitation on April 9, 2006 against the King who assumed potitical power on Feb 1, 2005 proclaiming emergency. Following wide spread agitation and violence, the King announced handing over the political power on April 21, 2006 which was rejected by SPA. On April 24, 2006 the King restored the House of representative. On may 25, 2006 a cease-fire code of conduct was signed between the Government of Nepal and Maoists. On June 16, 2006 Summit level talk between SPA and Maoists concluded in Kathmandu agreed to an eight pont agenda which included framing an interim stature, an interim government declaring a date for an election to a constituent assembly and disolving the revived house of representative and the maoists' people's government. Both side also ageed to request the UN for management and monitoring of armed forces of both sides to ensurre a free and fair election to a constituent assembly. In a historic ceremony held at the Birendra International Convention Center on 21st Nov. 2006, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and Maoist chairman Prachanda signed the Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) 2006 bringing the decade-long armed insurgency to an end and promising to chart a new destiny for "peaceful and democratic" new Nepal. Constitutional Assembly election was held on April 10, 2008, and the elected members of Contitutional Assembly declared Nepal a Federal Democratic Republic on May 28, 2008.
Crimes: (a) there are more crimes in urban areas than in rural areas. (b) theft and burglary are the major crimes in urban area (c) pickpocketing is also a known crime problem in city areas and pickpockets favourate places are, places with gathering and rush of people, local bus stations, in the bus, currency exchange counters and banks.
More: For specific inquiry please post your message on the bulletin board MANTHAN.